TBP (NM_003194) - TATA-box binding protein

Tata-Box-Binding Protein Isoform 1

Mutations Visualisation

Protein summary

This is preferred isoform of TBP protein. View all 2 isoforms
TBP: TATA-box-binding protein isoform 1
Description:

Initiation of transcription by RNA polymerase II requires the activities of more than 70 polypeptides. The protein that coordinates these activities is transcription factor IID (TFIID), which binds to the core promoter to position the polymerase properly, serves as the scaffold for assembly of the remainder of the transcription complex, and acts as a channel for regulatory signals. TFIID is composed of the TATA-binding protein (TBP) and a group of evolutionarily conserved proteins known as TBP-associated factors or TAFs. TAFs may participate in basal transcription, serve as coactivators, function in promoter recognition or modify general transcription factors (GTFs) to facilitate complex assembly and transcription initiation. This gene encodes TBP, the TATA-binding protein. A distinctive feature of TBP is a long string of glutamines in the N-terminus. This region of the protein modulates the DNA binding activity of the C terminus, and modulation of DNA binding affects the rate of transcription complex formation and initiation of transcription. The number of CAG repeats encoding the polyglutamine tract is usually 25-42, and expansion of the number of repeats to 45-66 increases the length of the polyglutamine string and is associated with spinocerebellar ataxia 17, a neurodegenerative disorder classified as a polyglutamine disease. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016].

Strand
+
Chromosome
6
Protein
339 residues
All mutations
33
PTM sites
6
CDS
170,866,117 - 170,881,353
Transcription
170,863,420 - 170,881,958
44.84% of sequence is predicted to be disordered

External references

Mappings retrieved from NCBI & Uniprot.
RefSeq
Entrez
gene: 6908
Uniprot
Ensembl